Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, commonly referred to as ADHD, is a disorder that affects the brain and behavior of a child. Children with ADHD often have a hard time paying attention and have very little control over their behavior. Symptoms of ADHD manifests before a child reaches 12 years old, and they can affect them until late into their adult life. Although there are no known cures for this disorder, there are a number of treatment options that can help in managing the symptoms. They include medication, therapy and behavioral intervention.
One of the most common ways of managing ADHD is by use of prescription drugs. These drugs are categorized into two groups: stimulants and non-stimulants. More often than not, doctors will prescribe stimulants in treating ADHD. These drugs work by boosting the brain chemicals that are responsible for helping a person concentrate and focus. The most common stimulants include Desoxyn, Focalin, Adderall, Dexedrine, Dextrostat, Concerta, Daytrana, Metadate and Ritalin. On the other hand, doctors can also prescribe non-stimulants to help treat the disorder. These drugs help boost a child’s attention and memory. Some of the most common non-stimulants are Intuniv, Kapvay, Pamelor and Strattera.
Another common way of treating ADHD is through therapy. One of the most sought-after therapeutic treatments is psychotherapy. This form of treatment helps the child open up about their feelings and how they are coping with the disorder. It also aims at helping the child develop more meaningful relationships with his or her peers as well as authority figures.
The main objective of psychotherapy is to enable the child become more aware of their behavioral patterns and learn to make good choices. Another common type of therapy used is behavioral therapy. The main goal of behavioral therapy is to teach the child to better monitor and manage their behavior. Social skills training is also a form of therapy that teaches the child the appropriate behaviors required in social environments such as sharing and waiting their turn.
For a child who has ADHD, the idea of performing well in school can seem far fetched. This is because a child’s success in school is predicated on how organized they are, and this is not common in children with ADHD. This, however, does not mean that they cannot be helped. One way of helping such a child is by developing a routine for them. There should be consistency in everything they do; what time they wake up; what time they go to sleep; what time they go to play; every activity should be done at exact specific times. Also, ensuring that there is order in the house can be really helpful. You need to ensure that clothing, school supplies and toys are put in designated places that are clearly marked. The most important thing, however, is to be consistent in providing positive reinforcement.